Gyroscopes

A gyroscope is a device that uses Earth’s gravity to help determine orientation. Gyro sensors are devices that sense angular velocity which is the change in rotational angle per unit of time. Angular velocity is generally expressed in deg/s (degrees per second). There are three basic types of gyroscope Rotary (classical) gyroscopes, Vibrating Structure Gyroscope and Optical Gyroscopes.


Its design consists of a freely rotating disk called a rotor, mounted onto a spinning axis in the centre of a larger and more stable wheel. As the axis turns, the rotor remains stationary to indicate the central gravitational pull, and thus which way is down. The gyroscope maintains its level of effectiveness by being able to measure the rate of rotation around a particular axis. When gauging the rate of rotation around the roll axis of an aircraft, it identifies an actual value until the object stabilizes out. Using the key principles of angular momentum, the gyroscope helps indicate orientation.


Gyroscopes are available that can measure rotational velocity in 1, 2, or 3 directions. 3-axis gyroscopes are often implemented with a 3-axis accelerometer to provide a full 6 degree-of-freedom (DoF) motion tracking system. A gyroscope would be used in an aircraft to help in indicating the rate of rotation around the aircraft roll axis. As an aircraft rolls, the gyroscope will measure non-zero values until the platform levels out, whereupon it would read a zero value to indicate the direction of down.


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STM32F429I-DISC1
STM32F429I-DISC1 - Development Board, STM32F429ZI MCU, 2.4

72Y1169

STMICROELECTRONICS

Development Board, STM32F429ZI MCU, 2.4" QVGA LCD, 3-axis MEMS Motion Sensor

DEV BOARD, ADVANCED LINE MCU; Silicon Manufacturer:STMicroelectronics; No. of Bits:32bit; Silicon Family Name:STM32F4; Core Architecture:ARM; Core Sub-Architecture:Cortex-M4; Silicon Core Number:STM32F429ZI; Product Range:- RoHS Compliant: Yes

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    76Y3153

    NXP

    DEV BOARD, FREEDOM PLATFORM

    DEV BOARD, FREEDOM PLATFORM; Kit Application Type:Sensing - Navigation, Position; Silicon Manufacturer:NXP; Silicon Core Number:FXLS8471Q, MAG3110, FXAS21002C, MMA8652FC, MPL3115A2, FXOS8700CQ, MMA9553L; Application Sub Type:Sensor; RoHS Compliant: Yes

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    MIKROELEKTRONIKA

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    CONSUMER MEMS

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    MPU-6050
    MPU-6050 - MEMS Module, MotionTracking Series, 3-Axis Gyroscope/Accelerometer, ±16g, 2.375 V to 3.46 V, QFN-24

    37T8113

    INVENSENSE

    MEMS Module, MotionTracking Series, 3-Axis Gyroscope/Accelerometer, ±16g, 2.375 V to 3.46 V, QFN-24

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    ITG-3200
    ITG-3200 - MEMS Gyroscope, Digital, Pitch, Roll, Yaw, ± 2000°/s, 2.1 V, 3.6 V, QFN

    37T8091

    INVENSENSE

    MEMS Gyroscope, Digital, Pitch, Roll, Yaw, ± 2000°/s, 2.1 V, 3.6 V, QFN

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